Environment

ENVIRONMENT - ECOLOGY - NATURE - HABITAT - GAIA - PERMACULTURE - CLIMATE - ENERGY ...

What is ecology?

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What is ecology?

Ecology is the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interaction between organisms, the interaction between organisms and their environment, and structure and function of ecosystems.

British Ecological Society image of a view of a grassland delta

Why is ecology important?

Ecology helps us understand how the world works. It provides useful evidence on the interdependence between people and the natural world and, as well the consequences of human activity on the environment.

Can we conserve a habitat and its biodiversity?

Yes. Ecology provides the essential basis for nature conservation. Maintaining a mosaic of habitats ensures the survival of a rich variety of species. For instance, heathland is a valued landscape that is fast disappearing throughout much of Western Europe, but studies have helped identify how to preserve its ecological characteristic.

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The Mesothelioma Veterans Center

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About Us

The Mesothelioma Veterans Center was created to provide information and assistance to veterans regarding treatment, clinical trials, and VA benefits for veterans suffering from asbestos illnesses. The MVC was founded by retired Navy LCDR Carl Jewett. Commander Jewett is a VA-accredited claims agent and has helped hundreds of veterans get approved for their VA benefits after developing mesothelioma or asbestos related lung cancer from their asbestos exposure in the military.

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THE OCEAN CONFERENCE

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THE OCEAN CONFERENCE

Our oceans, our future: partnering for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14

The high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development will be convened at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9 June 2017, coinciding with World Oceans Day, to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14. The Governments of Fiji and Sweden have the co-hosting responsibilities of the Conference.

The Conference aims to be the game changer that will reverse the decline in the health of our ocean for people, planet and prosperity. It will be solutions-focused with engagement from all.

The Conference shall:

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Understanding sustainable development

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Understanding sustainable development

Introduction

This module explores the emerging concept of ‘sustainable development’ which is now central to the programmes of many governments, businesses, educational institutions and non-government organisations around the world. The module takes an historical approach tracing the widening understanding of sustainable development from the 1980s up to the present day. This history includes landmark international events such as: the 1987 Brundtland Report, the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janiero, the 1997 Rio+5 Conference and the 2000 Millennium Summit in New York, and the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg.

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Global Sustainable Development Report 2019

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Global Sustainable Development Report 2019

Global Sustainable Development Report 2019

Introduction

Mandate

In July 2016, Member States agreed on the scope, frequency and methodology for the Global Sustainable Development Report going forward. The agreement is reflected in Paragraph 22 of the HLPF Ministerial Declaration, and made operational through the associated Annex.

Scope

The text recalls paragraph 83 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and stresses that the Global Sustainable Development Report is one important component of the follow-up and review process for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Global Sustainable Development Report will inform the high-level political forum, and shall strengthen the science-policy interface and provide a strong evidence-based instrument to support policymakers in promoting poverty eradication and sustainable development. It will be available for a wide range of stakeholders, including business and civil society as well as the wide public. The Report should incorporate scientific evidence in a multidisciplinary manner, considering all three dimensions of sustainable development, in order to reflect the universal, indivisible and integrated nature of the 2030 Agenda. With its universal scope, the Report should also consider the regional dimension, as well as countries in special situations. The Report will provide guidance on the state of global sustainable development from a scientific perspective, which will help address the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, provide lessons learned, while focusing on challenges, address new and emerging issues and highlight emerging trends and actions. The Report should also focus on an integrated approach and examine policy options with a view to sustaining the balance between the three dimensions of sustainable development. These policy options should be in line with the 2030 Agenda to inform its implementation.

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Climate Change

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Climate Change

climate1

Icons-12The effects of urbanization and climate change are converging in dangerous ways. Cities are major contributors to climate change: although they cover less than 2 per cent of the earth’s surface, cities consume 78 per cent of the world’s energy and produce more than 60% of all carbon dioxide and significant amounts of other greenhouse gas emissions, mainly through energy generation, vehicles, industry, and biomass use. At the same time, cities and towns are heavily vulnerable to climate change. Hundreds of millions of people in urban areas across the world will be affected by rising sea levels, increased precipitation, inland floods, more frequent and stronger cyclones and storms, and periods of more extreme heat and cold.

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Climate Change Causes Habitat Loss and Species Extinction

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Climate Change Causes Habitat Loss and Species Extinction

Each species evolves to thrive in its own particular ecological niche – to live in a particular "home" with specific living conditions (including temperatures ranges and other plant and animal species). Some species are more adaptable than others. For example, rats and dogs can survive under many different conditions, but koalas can only live where there is eucalyptus, and pandas where there are bamboo. Human-caused climate change will alter temperatures, precipitation and sea level – wiping out some habitats and shifting others faster than many species can migrate.

A polar bear walks along the edge of 'the ice bridge' in the Robeson channel, near the border between Greenland and Canada. Polar bears are facing extinction as they are losing vast areas of their sea ice habitat due to global warming. 06/28/2009 © Nick Cobbing / Greenpeace

Unless we drastically reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, we can expect several factors to combine that will make the coming die out astonishingly severe. The climate is changing faster than at almost any time in our plane's history. Also, many ecosystems are already stressed by human activities – destructive logging, excessive grazing, over fishing, toxic pollution and the like. And expanding human development destroys habitats and impedes many species from migrating – superhighways effectively block land animals, for example.

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Climate Initiative

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Climate Initiative

There is unprecedented, international support to address climate change. The Paris Agreement – a global and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming to well below 2oC is now in force. The Sustainable Development Goals provide clear 2030 goals on a range of environmental and social issues – including Goal 13 which is an explicit requirement to combat climate change. And recently, the international community reached two more milestone agreements, one on limiting international carbon emissions from aviation, and one on reducing HFCs – one of the more potent greenhouse gases. The challenge is now to ensure business, governments and civil society work together to deliver on the existing commitments ahead of the first review period in 2018.

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President Trump Decision to Leave Paris Agreement is a Colossal Mistake

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STATEMENT: President Trump Decision to Leave Paris Agreement is a Colossal Mistake

Statement - June 01, 2017

WASHINGTON (June 1, 2017) —Today President Trump announced that the United States will withdrawal from the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Following is a statement by Andrew Steer, President & CEO, World Resources Institute:

“This decision is a colossal mistake. It shows a stunning disregard for the well-being of people and the planet. President Trump will now have to answer for walking away from one of the most hard-fought and popular global achievements in recent memory.

“Withdrawing from the Paris Agreement will leave the U.S. diplomatically adrift, at odds with nearly 200 countries. There are now 194 countries united in their determination on climate, while a group of three – Syria, Nicaragua, and the United States – stand apart.

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India will sell only electric cars within the next 13 years

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India will sell only electric cars within the next 13 years

Traffic moves across Howrah Bridge in Kolkata April 8, 2011. Higher input costs and interest rates are seen crimping demand for cars in India, the second-fastest growing auto market in the world after China, with sales growth expected to more than halve in this fiscal year to 12-15 percent from the peaks scaled a year earlier. REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri (INDIA - Tags: TRANSPORT BUSINESS) - RTR2KYP6
In India, almost as many people die from air pollution as cigarette smoke Image: REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri
23 May 2017

Every car sold in India from 2030 will be electric, under new government plans that have delighted environmentalists and dismayed the oil industry.

It’s hoped that by ridding India’s roads of petrol and diesel cars in the years ahead, the country will be able to reduce the harmful levels of air pollution that contribute to a staggering 1.2 million deaths per year.

India’s booming economy has seen it become the world’s third-largest oil importer, shelling out $150 billion annually for the resource – so a switch to electric-powered vehicles would put a sizable dent in demand for oil. It’s been calculated that the revolutionary move would save the country $60 billion in energy costs by 2030, while also reducing running costs for millions of Indian car owners.

Image: Bloomberg
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Cities taking action, learning from each other to adapt to climate change

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Cities taking action, learning from each other to adapt to climate change

News Published 27 Feb 2017 Last modified 08 Mar 2017
Despite budgetary challenges, cities and towns across Europe are taking action to put in place measures that will help them adapt to the impacts of climate change. A new European Environment Agency (EEA) report released today highlights the opportunities open to municipalities to share best practices and how they can support projects like green roofs or expanding city parks to help alleviate the negative effects of climate change.

Image © Areal picture: Mathias Friedel, vision: Triebhaus Landschaftsarchitekten Hamburg, montage: Rolf Kuchling

The EEA report “Financing urban adaptation to climate change,” takes a closer look at innovative funding options now being used, such as green bonds and crowdfunding, alongside traditional funding channels. The report includes case studies that analyse how 11 cities across Europe are developing, funding and implementing urban adaptation measures. The case studies outline various projects that will help cities better protect themselves from the damage caused by extreme weather events. These include building more green spaces and installing green roofs, which enhance water retention and provide cooling as well as thermal insulation.

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Smart Cities Initiatives

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Smart Cities Initiatives

Covenant of Mayors - CoM logo

Covenant of Mayors

The Covenant of Mayors is the mainstream European movement involving local and regional authorities, voluntarily committing to increasing energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources on their territories. By their commitment, Covenant signatories aim to meet and exceed the European Union 20% CO2 reduction objective by 2020.

MONI - Monitoring Action Plans
SEAP - Sustainable Energy Action Plan
SIGN - signatories

EIP-Smart Cities and Communities Market Place logo

EIP-Smart Cities and Communities Market Place

The European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC) is an initiative supported by the European Commission bringing together cities, industry, SMEs, banks, research and other smart city actors. The EIP-SCC consists of the High Level Group (supported by its Sherpa Group) and the Market Place. The EIP-SCC Market Place has been designed for those who are active in the area of Smart Cities and are willing to know more about ongoing and foreseen activities throughout Europe.

Invitation for Commitments

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) [PDF]

Search the Commitments database

 

 

 

CITYKeys logo

CITYKeys

The CITYkeys project addresses challenges such as the transition to low carbon, resource-efficient cities and the uptake of innovative and smart solutions. It aims to speed up the transition by facilitating and enabling stakeholders in projects or cities to learn from each other, create trust in solutions, and monitor progress, by means of a common performance measurement framework, that will also increase confidence that the existing solutions can also be applied in other contexts and cities.

Smart city KPIs and related methodology [PDF]

CIVITAS logo

CIVITAS

The CIVITAS initiative was launched in 2002 to redefine transport measures and policies in order to create cleaner, better transport in cities. Over the past decade CIVITAS has managed to test over 800 measures and urban transport solutions, supported by the intensive exchange of good practices in the field. There are many ways to be involved in CIVITAS. Your city can be part of a demonstration project and develop a set of activities. You can also become a member of the CIVITAS Forum Network and participate in the exchange of experience, or join one of the National Networks.

Demonstration cities

Forum Network cities

Green Digital Charter

The Green Digital Charter commits cities to reducing emissions through ICT and promoting progress in tackling climate change through the innovative use of digital technologies. The commitments are: A. work with other signatory cities on ICT & energy efficiency, B.deploy 5 large-scale "ICT for energy efficiency" projects within 5 years, C. decrease ICT’s direct carbon footprint by 30% within 10 years.

Signatory cities

Green Digital Charter Governance document [PDF]

European Energy Award

The European Energy Award supports municipalities willing to contribute to sustainable energy policy and urban development through the rational use of energy and increased use of renewable energies. There are more than 1,300 municipalities participating today.

Join award

BUILD UP: The European portal for energy efficiency in buildings

BUILD UP is an environment for building professionals, local authorities and building occupants. BUILD UP promotes the exchange of best practices available across Europe for implementation of energy-saving measures in buildings.

Assessment of Member States' building renovation strategies

SETIS: Strategic Energy Technologies Information System

SETIS plays a central role in the successful implementation of the SET-Plan by helping to identify energy technology and RD&D objectives, striving to build consensus around the SET-Plan programme, identifying new opportunities, and assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the SET-Plan in delivering energy and climate change policy goals.

SET-Plan

Energy Cities

Energy Cities is the European Association of local authorities in energy transition. The association created in 1990 represents now more than 1,000 towns and cities in 30 countries. Its main objectives include strengthening cities’ role and skills in the field of sustainable energy, representing their interests and influencing EU policies, and exchange of experiences, transfer of know-how and the implementation of joint projects.

Member cities

European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) Joint Programme Smart Cities

The Joint Programme on Smart Cities aims to develop new scientific methods, concepts and tools designed to support European cities in their transformation into smart cities. The key focus is on large-scale integration of renewable energies and enhanced energy efficiency, enabled through smart energy management at city level.

Sub-Programme 1: Energy in Cities

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Application of EU’s Emissions Trading System rules improving

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Application of EU’s Emissions Trading System rules improving

News Published 19 May 2017
Application of the rules that underpin the European Union’s Emissions Trading System is improving, with more complete data being reported by EU Member States, according to a new assessment published by the European Environment Agency today. However, improvements are still needed in monitoring and reporting, both by operators and countries.

Image © Krzysztof Szkurlatowski; 12frames.eu

The EEA report ‘Application of the European Union Emissions Trading Directive in 2015’ provides an overview of the information reported in 2016 by EU Member States on the implementation of the EU Emission Trading System Directive until 2015.

The assessment identified four areas where the directive was implemented well. These include: the use of certain flexibilities to reduce administrative burden for smaller emitters; the completeness of sampling plans to better determine emissions; the use of more accurate methods by installations for measuring emissions; and the decreasing number of complaints against accredited companies in charge of verifying emissions reports.

Areas for improvement

Several areas were identified where improvements would enhance the application of the EU ETS Directive. These include in particular: better reporting by operators on possible improvements to monitoring; more detailed verification procedures; better reporting of biofuel use and better implementation of monitoring and reporting requirements by aircraft operators; better notification of authorities by operators on changes to their installations; better coordination between different authorities within countries; or improved reporting by countries on penalties for non-compliance.

Background

The report is prepared by the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC/ACM). Under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive, EU Member States must report to the European Commission every year on their progress in implementing the directive. This assessment is based on a questionnaire which the EEA uses as a basis for its evaluation.

https://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/application-of-eu2019s-emissions-trading/#parent-fieldname-title
 
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