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Buddhism and ecology: The Interconnection of Dharma and Deeds

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Buddhism and ecology: The Interconnection of Dharma and Deeds
Edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and Duncan Ryuken Williams

Reviewed by Steven Heine

p. 136-138 Buddhism and Ecology: The Interconnection
of Dharma and Deeds
Philosophy East & West, Vol. 51, No. 1 (2001)

Buddhism-and-ecology-the-Buddhism and ecology: The Interconnection of Dharma and Deeds    Buddhism and Ecology: The Interconnection of Dharma and Deeds, edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and Duncan Ryuken Williams, is the first book in the series on "Religions of the World and Ecology" edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim. The book series is an outgrowth of a series of conferences held from 1996 to 1998 at the Harvard University Center for the Study of World Religions, funded primarily by the V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation in addition to a variety of other sources. Each volume of the series is to be edited by Tucker along with a specialist in the respective tradition. By the time this review appears, several other volumes will have been published, including books on Hinduism and Confucianism. The aim of the series is to examine the similarities and differences in the attitudes of world religions to ecological issues in an era in which " f rom resource depletion and species extinction to pollution overload and toxic surplus, the planet is struggling against unprecedented assaults ... that are aggravated by population explosion, industrial growth, technological manipulation, and military proliferation heretofore unknown by the human community" (p. xv). The series editors hope to stimulate "scholars of religion to respond as engaged intellectuals with deepening creative reflection" (pp. xxx-xxxi) rather than remain as seemingly uninvolved armchair observers of the ongoing environmental crisis.

    Buddhism may be a likely candidate for the first religious tradition to be examined in the book series because it appears to have a special affinity with environmental concerns and causes for several reasons. The basic Buddhist philosophy of karmic causality and dependent origination stresses the interdependence of all sentient beings who participate in transmigration throughout the six realms; the nonduality of humans and nature; and the moral retribution that awaits those who violate the sanctity of existence. This nondualistic worldview is enhanced, especially in Mahayana Buddhism in East Asia, by interaction with the organic cosmology of indigenous Chinese religions based on yin-yang ideology, and the result is a pantheistic notion that, according to Lewis Lancaster, asserts that "(t)he rocks, trees, lotuses, streams, mountains -- all have Buddha-nature" (p. 13).


Islam and Ecology - A Bestowed Trust

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Islam and Ecology PAPERBACKReligions of the World and Ecology 9

Islam and Ecology

A Bestowed Trust

Richard C. Foltz (Editor), Frederick M. Denny (Editor), Azizan Baharuddin (Editor), Kaveh L. Afrasiabi (Contributor), Adnan Z. Amin (Contributor), Nawal H. Ammar (Contributor), Saadia Khawar Khan Chishti (Contributor), L. Clarke (Contributor), Mawil Izzi Dien (Contributor), Hashim Ismail Dockrat (Contributor), Yasin Dutton (Contributor), Nathan C. Funk (Contributor), Safei-Eldin A. Hamed (Contributor), S. Nomanul Haq (Contributor), Joseph G. Jabbra (Contributor), Nancy W. Jabbra (Contributor), Tazim R. Kassam (Contributor), Fazlun M. Khalid (Contributor)

Islam is the religion of over one billion people and is practiced in virtually every country on earth. The articulation of an Islamic environmental ethic in contemporary terms is all the more urgent because Western-style conservation efforts do not fit all cultural and philosophical traditions.

This volume outlines the Islamic view of the cosmic order and reviews the ways an Islamic world view can be interpreted, reassessed, and applied to such environmental problems as pollution and water scarcity. Sections on social justice and on issues of sustainability and development look at the history and roots of the current environmental crisis; at the broader context of women’s rights of equal access to both natural and social resources; and at the interconnectedness of environmental protection and the alleviation of human poverty.


Me and the Biospheres: A Memoir by the Inventor of Biosphere 2

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Me and the Biospheres / John AllenMe and the Biospheres:
A Memoir by the Inventor of Biosphere 2

By John Allen

Anyone suffering from the Global Warming Blues will cherish this uplifting account of the most ambitious environmental experiment of our time: Biosphere 2, a miniature Earth under glass, the world’s largest laboratory for global ecology. John Allen’s memoir, Me and the Biospheres is a rich and complex narrative, filled with rollicking adventure, exceptional camaraderie and mind-bending science.

Covering three acres of Arizona desert, Biosphere 2 contained five biomes: a 900,000-gallon ocean with coral reef, a rainforest, a savannah, a desert, a farm and a micro-city, all housed within an air-tight, sealed glass and steel frame structure. Eight people lived inside for two years (1991-1993) setting world records in human life-support, monitoring their impact on the environment, while providing crucial data for future manned missions into outer space.

Almost as astonishing as the structure is the story of how it came to be. Back in 1969, Biosphere 2 was a mere seed in the luminous mind of writer, actor, philosopher, inventor, and scientist John Allen. He prepared for the manifestation of Biosphere 2 by assembling smaller projects: the creation of a ship to study ocean and river ecologies and cultures; a rainforest enrichment project; a theater group; a world-class art gallery and more. As awe-inspiring as the great cathedrals, Biosphere 2’s building and operation demanded the efforts of the most diverse team of scientists, engineers, artists and thinkers from around the world with whom John Allen worked closely for decades.


Judaism and Ecology: Created World and Revealed Word

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Judaism and EcologyJudaism and Ecology:
Created World and Revealed Word


Hava Tirosh-Samuelson (Editor),
Tsvi Blanchard (Contribution by),
Eliezer Diamond (Contribution by),
Evan Eisenberg (Contribution by),
Michael Fishbane (Contribution by)


The permaculture way: practical steps to create a self-sustaining world

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Ön KapakThe permaculture way: practical steps to create a self-sustaining world

Permanent Publications, 2005 - 239 pages
The Permaculture Way shows us how to consciously design a lifestyle which is low in environmental impact and highly productive. It demonstrates how to meet our needs, make the most of resources by minimizing waste and maximizing potential, and still leave the Earth richer than we found it.

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